Living Car-Free with Kids

Car-Free Life as an Outdoors Family

Living car-free with kids seems like a daunting or impossible task. Especially if you are an adventurous family who loves camping, hiking, and backpacking, a car seems essential to get out and explore.

But for 5 of the 12 years of our parenting life to date, we have lived completely without a car. In the remaining years, we’ve had one car and have been “car-lite,” meaning we only use the car for longer trips or big Costco runs.

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On the pages of a children's book, we can see a family where the parents are riding on a single bike, pulling their children behind in a trailer. The children are reading.
“The Children who Loved Books” by Peter Carnavas — our friends sent us this book when our kids were little, because it reminded them of our family!

Depending on your location (especially the bike and public transit infrastructure in your community), living car-free or car-lite CAN be possible and incredibly rewarding. It requires a bit more logistical legwork, but we have found it workable in a range of settings: we have lived with our kids without relying on a car in medium-sized cities in Utah and the Midwest; a large city in Texas; and a smaller city in Sweden.

A little girl is biking on the sidewalk in a grey dress. The angle of the photo is from the perspective of someone else on a bike, you can see the front basket full of carrots in a yellow backpack.
Using the sidewalk to get past a stretch of unsafe road.

While not having a car does limit a family to a smaller radius of adventuring, there are benefits for kids in becoming intimately familiar with the natural spaces they live in. Returning to the same camping or hiking spot can allow everyone to become comfortable with outdoor activities and closely observe seasonal changes.

Living Car Free with Kids

Biking in the city: Trailer, bike seat, or cargo bike?

School, work, shopping, and everything in between, bikes are our main mode of transportation. While having a cargo bike—especially an electric one—can make car-free life much smoother, it is possible to use a regular bike with bike seat or trailer depending on the ages of kids.

A woman in a white rain jacket and sunglasses holds up a bike with a baby in the bike seat, wearing a blue helmet and sweater.
Our babies started biking with us around 6 months old, which is early in the U.S. but standard in many European countries where it’s more common to be a car-free family.

For two years in the Midwest, we had two young kids and used a Chariot bike trailer and road/hybrid bikes as our main source of transportation. Panniers added extra storage space. Grocery runs were a fun and sometimes frustrating puzzle of how much to put in the cart that would then fit in the trailer and panniers.

Two kids, each in helmets, sit inside a yellow bike trailer, they are stopped on a paved, divided bike path in the woods.
Pre-cargo bike life, we hauled our kids in a bike trailer for the two years we did not have a car living in the Midwest. Commuter trails kept us off major roadways.

Public transportation and kids

But what about times when biking isn’t feasible, and you have no car? We have often relied on public transportation to get around our cities when the weather is questionable, or the bike route will be unsafe or too long. Again, the public transportation infrastructure has varied quite a bit in ease of use and quality, but we have regularly ridden the bus in every city we’ve lived in.

One thing I love about public transport is you get a feel for the city and its residents in a way you don’t when you drive from place to place in a car. And although it can be frustrating when you are running late, miss a bus, a stop is closed due to construction (all have happened to us in the past week!), I think the inconvenience can develop character in kids as they learn that life is not always smooth and easy.

Two kids in snowsuits sit on a bench at a bus stop while a green bus drives past going the other direction. It's a snowy day.
Waiting at a bus stop in the snow.

When you ride a bus, just like with cycling, you must pay attention to the weather and dress accordingly since you may be sitting at a stop for a while, which helps kids to be in tune with nature and its rhythms.

Having these small, micro-adventures outdoors walking to the bus stop and then on to our destination gets kids “outside” during the daily routine where otherwise they might go from garaged car to indoor building back to home without the movement or spending much time outdoors.

Car-sharing with kids

Another option that we have occasionally relied on when car-free is car-sharing. This has looked like car-pooling with friends to a group camping trip, riding together with a neighbor for a grocery store or Costco run (which is so much more fun to do as a socializing event!), or even using car-sharing services like ZipCar.

One thing we have found to make these car-sharing rides a bit easier is a lightweight car seat that installs quickly and easily and has a low-profile. One newer option is the Pico Portable car seat, a true “travel” option, weighing just 8 lbs and easy to carry when folded.

But if you are only using occasionally and don’t want to spend so much, we have had good luck with Cosco, Graco, or Evenflo seats, which are typically lightweight enough to carry to and from cars and usually not too difficult to install quickly. For older kids, we have used the MiFold booster seat, which also comes in a high-back option (the HiFold) as well.

Exploring beyond the city


Bikepacking, or bike touring, is become increasingly popular in the U.S., especially in spots with infrastructure like rail trails that extend a city’s safe-biking distance further out to areas where hiking or camping is possible.

While we have never felt like official bikepackers since we usually do not venture so far from home, we have loaded up a trailer or cargo bike with camping gear and ridden out to spots outside the city to camp. This was especially the case when we lived for two years in Sweden, where allemansrätten [translated as the Right to Public Access, or even the Freedom to Roam], means that anyone can bike, hike, camp, walk, or ski on any land (public or private), as long as you do not get too close to a dwelling or disturb agricultural land or animals.

A wooden box bike with the label sits on a paved path next to a field of vibrant yellow wildflowers. There are two kids in the cargo bike and camping gear. The forest is in the background.
Heading to a trailhead in a Babboe cargo bike.

Although we lived in the middle of a city with no car, we could throw our gear in our cargo bike, bike outside the city, hike for a bit, and set up for a night of camping in any surrounding forest – there are sometimes even firepits out in the forests where wood is flown in via helicopter, amazing after a cold or rainy day of backpacking!

While Sweden is dreamy, but you don’t have to move across the Atlantic to explore nature by bike. There are quite a few existing rail trails from the East Coast to the West and in many Midwestern spots in between. What’s great about bikepacking is once you have a decent backpacking set-up and bikes, you don’t necessarily need a lot of “new” or expensive equipment to take on a new family hobby.

A girl in pink rain overalls sits on a bench reading at a bus stop. She is surrounded by backpacking bags, hiking poles, and sleeping mats. It's fall, the leaves are yellow, and it's wet outside.
In Sweden, we even sometimes took the bus to a backpacking trip.

Living Car-Free with Kids

While not always the easiest option, being car-free (or at least car-lite!) with kids does have benefits and allows you to slow down a bit and focus on the journey as much as the destination. It opens up possibilities for microadventures and outdoors time in day-to-day life.

Two kids wearing helmets, one with overalls and one with a striped shirt and athletic shorts, are stopped on a bridge under a highway. They are looking down at the water, where you can barely see a kayaker.
While biking on a pedestrian bridge under a highway, we stopped and watched a kayak polo game being played in the river below.

Even as an adventurous family, you can get out of the city and explore the outdoors by bike. The opening up of new rail trails to connect cities to outdoor spaces creates safe cycling routes that you can take to a camping or hiking trip.

If you aren’t able to give up your car (most American families aren’t, for very good reasons!), try to think about how you can choose to bike, take public transport, or carpool more often. While a bit more logistically complicated, not relying on a car to get places can lead to new ways of experiencing both nature and your community.

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Car-Free Life as an Outdoors Family

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